transitive verb (abjured; abjuring) Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French or Latin; Anglo-French abjurer, from Latin abjurare, from ab- + jurare to swear — more at jury Date: 15th century 1. a. to renounce upon oath b. to reject solemnly 2. to abstain from ; avoid <
abjure extravagance
abjurer noun Synonyms: abjure, renounce, forswear, recant, retract mean to withdraw one's word or professed belief. abjure implies a firm and final rejecting or abandoning often made under oath <
abjured the errors of his former faith
. renounce often equals abjure but may carry the meaning of disclaim or disown <
renounced abstract art and turned to portrait painting
. forswear may add to abjure an implication of perjury or betrayal <
I cannot forswear my principles
. recant stresses the withdrawing or denying of something professed or taught <
if they recant they will be spared
. retract applies to the withdrawing of a promise, an offer, or an accusation <
the newspaper had to retract its allegations against the mayor

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • abjure — abjure, renounce, forswear, recant, retract are synonymous when they mean to abandon irrevocably and, usually, with solemnity or publicity. Except in the extended senses of abjure, renounce, and forswear they all imply the recall of one’s word.… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Abjure — Ab*jure , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Abjured}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Abjuring}.] [L. abjurare to deny upon oath; ab + jurare to swear, fr. jus, juris, right, law; cf. F. abjurer. See {Jury}.] 1. To renounce upon oath; to forswear; to disavow; as, to abjure… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • abjure — abjure, adjure Abjure means ‘to renounce on oath’ • (He had abjured, he thought, all superstitions Iris Murdoch, 1985) and to abjure one s country (or realm) is to swear to abandon it for ever. It is also used in the weakened sense ‘to renounce’… …   Modern English usage

  • abjure — ab·jure /ab ju̇r, əb / vt ab·jured, ab·jur·ing [Latin abjurare, from ab off + jurare to swear]: renounce; specif: to disclaim formally or renounce upon oath solemnly abjure s his allegiance to his former country ab·ju·ra·tion /ˌab jə rā shən/ …   Law dictionary

  • abjuré — abjuré, ée (ab ju ré, ée) part. passé. Le calvinisme abjuré par Henri IV. De vieilles haines, depuis longtemps abjurées …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Abjure — Ab*jure , v. i. To renounce on oath. Bp. Burnet. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • abjure — (v.) early 15c., from M.Fr. abjurer or directly from L. abjurare deny on oath, from ab away (see AB (Cf. ab )) + jurare to swear, related to jus (gen. juris) law (see JURIST (Cf. jurist)). Related …   Etymology dictionary

  • abjure — [v] give up abstain from, forswear, recant, renege, renounce, retract, take back, withdraw; concepts 30,54,195 …   New thesaurus

  • abjuré — Abjuré, [abjur]ée. part. Il a les significations de son verbe …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • abjure — ► VERB formal ▪ swear to give up (a belief or claim). DERIVATIVES abjuration noun. ORIGIN Latin abjurare, from jurare swear …   English terms dictionary

  • abjure — [ab joor′, əbjoor′] vt. abjured, abjuring [ME abjuren < L abjurare < ab , from, away + jurare, to swear: see JURY1] 1. to give up (rights, allegiance, etc.) under oath; renounce 2. to give up (opinions) publicly; recant abjuration [ab΄jə… …   English World dictionary